Orthopedic Center for Sports Medicine
Sports Medicine Physicians & Pulmonologist located in Metairie, LA
Fractures, or broken bones, happen to more than 1 million Americans every year. At Orthopedic Center for Sports Medicine in Metairie, Louisiana, Luis Espinoza, MD, and their team treat many types of injuries, including fractures. If you suspect you have a fracture, call the office or book an appointment online today.
What are the most common types of fractures?
A bone can break in a multitude of ways. The two main fracture categories are open (compound) and closed. A closed fracture involves only a break in the bone, while the skin remains intact. Open fractures involve an open wound that reveals the underlying bone or may cause the broken bone to pierce the skin.
Within these categories, there are many types of fractures, including:
- Transverse, or a horizontal break across the bone
- Oblique, or an angled fracture
- Hairline, or a small crack in the bone
- Spiral, where the break twists around the bone
- Compression, or complete breakdown of the bone
- Impacted, where a piece of bone gets forced into another section of bone
- Stress fractures, which result from repetitive pressure and are common in athletes
Any type of open fracture is considered a medical emergency due to the high risk of infection.
How do I know if I have a fracture?
Fractures usually cause intense pain immediately after the bone breaks. Even if you have a closed fracture, you may see a deformity in the injured area. Other common signs and symptoms of a fracture include swelling, redness, and restricted movement.
How are fractures diagnosed and treated?
First, your Orthopedic Center for Sports Medicine provider carefully assesses your condition and asks you to describe how the injury occurred. They may take an X-ray to confirm your bone is broken and evaluate the severity of your condition.
Then, the team at Orthopedic Center for Sports Medicine creates a personalized treatment plan. Depending on the type and severity of your fracture, treatment may include:
- Rest and ice
- Anti-inflammatory medication
- Immobilization in a cast or brace
- Assistive devices like crutches
A stress fracture may need only a long period of rest, while more complex fractures may require surgery to realign the bone. Your Orthopedic Center for Sports Medicine surgeon may use pins, wires, or screws to hold the bone in place as it heals.
After your bone heals, the team at Orthopedic Center for Sports Medicine develops a rehabilitation plan that includes physical therapy. This helps restore strength and flexibility.
For the highest-quality fracture care, call Orthopedic Center for Sports Medicine or book an appointment online today.